1. Not reviewing your credit first
You’ll need your credit score to be in great shape if you want the best terms on a mortgage.
At least six months before you go to your first open house, go to AnnualCreditReport.com. That’s the official site where you can get free credit reports issued by the big three credit-reporting agencies: Experian, Equifax and TransUnion. You’re entitled to one free credit report from each agency annually.
When you get your report, identify and correct any errors before you apply for a mortgage.
Also check your credit score. Some banks and credit cards now offer the most widely used credit score, the FICO score, as a monthly perk for their customers.
Bottom line: Spend the time to get your credit in the best possible shape so that you can get lenders’ most favorable terms.
2. Failing to get preapproved
Getting preapproved by a bank for a given loan amount is one way to avoid the heartbreak that comes from falling in love with a house that is way out of your price range. It may also give you an edge if yours is not the only offer for the same property. A seller will feel more confident selecting a bid from someone with a mortgage preapproval rather than from a person who hasn’t begun the process.
However, don’t get carried away by the preapproval amount the bank gives you. Remember, what the bank thinks you can afford and what you can actually afford may be two different things. For more, check out,
3. Not shopping around for the best rate
The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau says nearly half of mortgage borrowers don’t shop around, and that’s a big mistake. Seasoned shoppers search for the best deals on soap, furniture and cars, but some fail to look for a better mortgage rate.
It may be convenient to use your primary bank for a mortgage, but that could also be expensive if its rates aren’t competitive. For instance, take a 30-year fixed-rate mortgage of $200,000: For every 0.25 percent you reduce the interest rate, you save about $28 a month. Over a 30-year period that can add up to a lot of extra cash.
4. Ignoring mortgage fees
While you’re investigating rates, don’t forget the fees. Many mortgages come packed with fees of all kinds. Some — such as your county recording fee — are likely fixed, but others are negotiable.
Before your closing, you should be provided with a good-faith estimate of the fees. Ask your lender to review what they are for and then see if you can negotiate a lower price. These are a few of the fees likely to have the most wiggle room:
1. Loan origination fee
2. Application fee
3. Broker fee
4. Underwriting fee
5. Saving too little for a down payment
Not having a down payment stashed away can sink your prospects for getting a mortgage. After being bitten by the housing market crash, traditional lenders shy away from giving mortgages to those bringing nothing to the table.
You generally need to have a down payment of between 5 and 20 percent to qualify for a conventional loan. And if you put down less than 20 percent, be prepared to pay for mortgage insurance.
6. Not understanding your mortgage terms
Underwater mortgages weren’t the only problem homeowners faced during the Great Recession. An untold number of people also lost their houses simply because they signed on the dotted line without understanding what the heck their mortgage entailed.
For example, people thought they’d hit the jackpot with adjustable-rate mortgages, known as ARMs. Homeowners were fine for the first few years while their mortgage rate was fixed and low. But when it reset to the current market rate, that affordable monthly payment suddenly wasn’t so affordable.
The moral of the story is to always understand what you’re signing up for. It’s not enough to know what your monthly payment is today. You also need to ask if the interest rate can change and, if so, when and by how much it will increase.
If you’re not comfortable with the loan terms or don’t understand them, it’s better to walk away than to make an expensive and potentially life-altering mistake.